Cremation wiki

Cremation is the act of burning a body after it has died. Cremation is a popular option to dispose of get rid of a body instead of burying it. The place where cremations take place is called a crematorium or crematory. Judaism and Mormonism strongly discourage cremation. IslamNeo-Confucianismand Zoroastrianism disapprove it. Cremated remains also called ashes are returned to the person's family.

The family then has a few options of what to do with the remains. Usually the ashes are buried in an urn at a cemetery plot just as a coffin is buried in normal earth burial. Many religions require the ashes to be handled in dignified manner. Family graves are also popular in Japan and Thailand. Sometimes the cremated person has thought about what they want to be done with their remains and have shared their desires with their family.

Cremated remains can be kept in a container called an urnwhich in turn can be buried on cemetery plot or placed in a depot called columbariumor thrown into the air or water of a place that was special to the cremated person, or buried anonymously in the ground.

These are the most popular choices of what to do with remains. There are also other, less common, options of how to dispose of the remains. Some examples of ways to scatter the remains are: through fireworksshot from guns, or dropped from an airplane or hot air balloon.

Remains can even be sent into space or turned into a diamond. The latter can be done because humans and diamonds are both made largely from carbon. Queen Victoria is the most well-known mourner because she went into a state of mourning for several decades. As a limited and fairly difficult medium to work with, jet was expensive.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This short article can be made longer. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it. Category : Death customs. Hidden category: Stubs. Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read Change Change source View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

This page was last changed on 12 Octoberat See Terms of Use for details. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cremation.He and the rest of his team serve as the primary antagonists of the Forest Training Camp Arc.

Crematorium

He also serves as an antagonist for the Pro Hero Arc. He later became one of the nine lieutenants of the Paranormal Liberation Frontan organization formed from the remnants of the League and the Meta Liberation Army. Dabi is a fairly tall, pale young man of a slim, somewhat-lanky build, described to be in his early twenties. He has longish, black hair that spikes up around his head, hanging low over his eyes, which are thin, turquoise in color, and heavily lidded.

His most striking features, however, are undoubtedly the patches of gnarled, wrinkled, purple skin that cover much of his lower face and neck, all the way down past his collarbone, below his eyes and on his arms and legs.

These appear to be attached to the rest of his skin by multiple, crude surgical staples or hoop piercings, making it impossible to tell if these scars were accidental or self-inflicted. He has several silver cartilage piercings in both ears, and a triple nostril piercing on the right side of his nose. In his first appearance, he wears a dark blue jacket with a high, ripped collar, and matching pants, cut off above his ankles, a pair of dark dress shoes on his feet.

He also has a plain pale gray, scoop-neck shirt, below which a gray belt with a circular pattern wraps around his waist, a leather satchel attached at the back.

When he joins the Vanguard Action Squadhis look is updated, now consisting of a larger dark blue coat with two large metal cuffs at the end of each elbow-length sleeve, and a white stitch design on each of his shoulders, the hem ripped, extending down to his knees.

His shirt and belt stay the same, but he replaces his pants with some larger ones of a darker color, and his shoes with black boots. Around the time of the formation of the Paranormal Liberation FrontDabi acquires a new outfit to complete his status as one of the nine lieutenants of the organization. Dabi wears a darkish blue long coat with the same white cuffs similar to his previous one.

In addition, he dons a white v-necked shirt with white outlines.

cremation wiki

His stitches not only extends to his shoulder pads but also the kneecaps of his pants. The only things he retains are his silver belt, black boots, and his dark-colored pants. He also has three buttons on both sides of his coat. Dabi is a stoic, aloof, confident and focused individual who rarely shows emotion. While rather crude and violent, he is actually cautious, choosing to retreat when Mirko arrived to aid Endeavor and made sure not to divulge too much information to Hawks about High-End because of the infancy of their relationship.

He also gives the impression of knowing more about certain people than he lets on. Despite his usual expressionless behavior, Dabi finds joy in establishing himself as a villain fighting against what he believes to be false heroes, an ideology proposed by his apparent inspiration, Stain. Dabi is dedicated to Stain's mission and desires to destroy superhuman society, sharing his belief that one person with the necessary conviction can do so. Dabi takes pleasure in taunting heroic figures, students, and Pro Heroes alike, sadistically enjoying the pain he inflicts on others, including those he murders.

He's not afraid of causing collateral destruction, rarely holding back, even if it puts his allies at risk.

cremation wiki

Dabi is intolerant of most people and can be very derisive. He insulted Tomura Shigaraki immediately after meeting him and constantly does the same to both his allies and enemies.During these challenging times, we guarantee we will work tirelessly to support you.

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Thank you to our community and to all of our readers who are working to aid others in this time of crisis, and to all of those who are making personal sacrifices for the good of their communities. We will get through this together. Updated: December 24, References. Cremations can be performed at a cemetery, a funeral home offering cremation services, or a stand-alone crematorium to prepare the body for final disposition.

While it can be hard to depart with the deceased, this article will show you exactly how to arrange a cremation for you or a loved one from start to finish. Log in Facebook Loading Google Loading Civic Loading No account yet? Create an account.

Alkaline hydrolysis (body disposal)

We use cookies to make wikiHow great. By using our site, you agree to our cookie policy. As the COVID situation develops, our hearts ache as we think about all the people around the world that are affected by the pandemic Read morebut we are also encouraged by the stories of our readers finding help through our site. Article Edit. Learn why people trust wikiHow. To create this article, volunteer authors worked to edit and improve it over time.

Together, they cited 6 references. This article has also been viewed 29, times. Learn more Explore this Article Steps. Tips and Warnings. Related Articles. Contact some funeral homes. Get in contact with a few different funeral homes in your area and let them know that you or a loved one plans to be cremated at the point of passing.

If you discovered a deceased loved one and know that they wished to be cremated according to their will, go through some general price lists with a funeral director and compare prices, then select the one that best suits you or the families' needs. Prepare for the funeral. Take the social security number and other details about the deceased to the funeral home for the arrangement conference where you discuss the funeral and cremation plans.

China survivors cremate their dead

Transport the body. Get the body of the deceased transported from the site of death or storage to the funeral home. The funeral provider shall also help you secure certified copies of the death certificate, arrange for a notice in the newspaper, and look after other necessary paperwork.

cremation wiki

Get a medical certificate. Sign the authorization form for cremation.Burning a corpse as a final rite of passage has been in practice since prehistoric times. There is evidence that people cremated bodies in China as early as B. Cremation was commonly adopted in some parts of Greece but never became widespread, disappearing by B. In Sweden, the majority of funerals were cremations throughout the Iron Age and Viking Age, but stopped once Christianity was introduced A.

In the western Roman empire, cremation was the standard until the first century A. With the spread of Christianity, cremation was frowned upon and disappeared for the most part in Europe by the fifth century A.

During the French Revolutiongroups such as the Freemasons, revolutionaries and anarchists promoted cremation as a way of reducing the church's role in the funeral process.

Partly because of this association, the Roman Catholic Church opposed the use of cremation until the 20th century. In Asia, cremation became popular in areas of Buddhist influence under certain dynasties in China and Korea until about A. The advent of Neo-Confucianism in the 14th century brought burials back to the forefront in parts of Asia. Modern cremation began in the late s with the invention of a practical cremation chamber by Professor Brunetti, who presented it at the Vienna Exposition.

Championed by Queen Victoria's surgeon, Sir Henry Thompson, and driven by public concern for hygiene and health and clerical desires to reform burial practices, crematories slowly began opening in Europe and abroad. The first modern crematory in America was established in Pennsylvania in Today, cremation is practiced in at least 31 countries around the world, with rates ranging from less than 2 percent in Ghana to more than three-quarters of the deaths in Switzerland [source: Davies ].

On the next page, see how different religious views of the human body lead to different attitudes toward cremation. Prev NEXT. History of Cremation.

A woman prays as people gather and pay homage to the late Thai Princess Galyani Vadhana during her cremation ceremony near the royal palace on Nov.A crematorium or crematory is a venue for the cremation of the dead.

Modern crematoria contain at least one cremator also known as a crematoryretort or cremation chambera purpose-built furnace. In some countries a crematorium can also be a venue for open-air cremation.

In many countries, crematoria contain facilities for funeral ceremonies, such as a chapel. Some crematoria also incorporate a columbariuma place for interring cremation ashes. While a crematorium can be any place containing a cremator, modern crematoria are designed to serve a number of purposes.

As well as being a place for the practical but dignified disposal of dead bodies, they must also serve the emotional and spiritual needs of the mourners. The design of a crematorium is often heavily influenced by the funeral customs of its country.

For example, crematoria in the United Kingdom are designed with a separation between the funeral and cremation facilities, as it is not customary for mourners to witness the coffin being placed in the cremator. To provide a substitute for the traditional ritual of seeing the coffin descend into a grave, they each incorporated a mechanism for removing the coffin from sight. On the other hand, in Japan, mourners will watch the coffin enter the cremator, then will return after the cremation for the custom of picking the bones from the ashes.

Prior to the Industrial Revolutioncremation could only take place on an outdoor, open pyre; the alternative was burial. In the 19th century, the development of new furnace technology and contact with cultures that practiced cremation led to its reintroduction in the Western world.

The organized movement to instate cremation as a viable method for body disposal began in the s. In the idea was presented to the Medical International Congress of Florence by Professors Coletti and Castiglioni "in the name of public health and civilization".

Meanwhile, Sir Charles William Siemens had developed his regenerative furnace in the s. His furnace operated at a high temperature by using regenerative preheating of fuel and air for combustion. In regenerative preheating, the exhaust gases from the furnace are pumped into a chamber containing bricks, where heat is transferred from the gases to the bricks.

The flow of the furnace is then reversed so that fuel and air pass through the chamber and are heated by the bricks. Through this method, an open-hearth furnace can reach temperatures high enough to melt steel, and this process made cremation an efficient and practical proposal.

Charles's nephew, Carl Friedrich von Siemens perfected the use of this furnace for the incineration of organic material at his factory in Dresden. The radical politician, Sir Charles Wentworth Dilketook the corpse of his dead wife there to be cremated in The first crematorium in the West opened in Milan in Golder's Green Crematorium was built from to in London and pioneered two features that would become common in future crematoria: the separation of entrance and exit, and a garden of remembrance.

While open outdoor pyres were used in the past and are often still used in many areas of the world today, notably India, most cremation in industrialized nations takes place within enclosed furnaces designed to maximize use of the thermal energy consumed while minimizing the emission of smoke and odors.

A human body usually contains a negative caloric value, meaning that energy is required to combust it. This is a result of the high water content; all water must be vaporized which requires a very large amount of thermal energy. Additional energy is necessary to make up for the heat capacity "preheating" of the furnace, fuel burned for emissions control, and heat losses through the insulation and in the flue gases.

As a result, crematories are most often heated by burners fueled by natural gas. These burners can range in power from to kilowatts 0. Crematories heated by electricity also exist in India, where electric heating elements bring about cremation without the direct application of flame to the body. Coal, coke, and wood were used in the past, heating the chambers from below like a cooking pot.

This resulted in an indirect heat and prevented mixing of ash from the fuel with ash from the body. The term retort when applied to cremation furnaces originally referred to this design.

There has been interest, mainly in developing nations, to develop a cremator heated by concentrated solar energy.

How Cremation Works

Due to the manner in which the wood gas is produced, such crematories use only a fraction of the required wood; and according to multiple sources, have far less impact on the environment than traditional natural gas or fuel oil processes. A typical unit contains a primary and secondary combustion chamber. These chambers are lined with a refractory brick designed to withstand the high temperatures.

The primary chamber contains the body — one at a time usually contained in some type of combustible casket or container. This chamber has at least one burner to provide the heat which vaporizes the water content of the body and aids in combustion of the organic portion.The user can utilize high temperatures to incinerate almost anything, reducing it to ashes.

High-level users can control what part of the target they want to incinerate, and destroy the target so completely that absolutely no byproduct is left, not even ashes.

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cremation wiki

Contents [ show ]. The True Fire of Samahdi Boruto burns with such fierceness that it can overwhelm even regeneration.

Zanka no Tachi, Higashi: Kyokujitsujin blows away any and all that touches the blade's edge to nothingness. Zanka no Tachi, Nishi: Zanjitsu Gokui incinerates any and all attacks that comes in contact with the fire armor into nothingness. Zanka no Tachi, Kita: Tenchi Kaijin incinerates all into nothingness by sending out a slash of flames and heat.

The Judge Buffy the Vampire Slayer is able to incinerate any being with "humanity," more specifically an emotional capacity; only truly evil beings are immune. Toki Code:Breaker utilizing lightning to incinerate the Thousand Man completely, leaving no corpse behind.

Zancrow's Fairy Tail explosive flame can turn his enemies into ash. The Black Flames of Amaterasu Naruto can burn down an entire village or forest in a matter of minutes. Fiendfyre Harry Potter is such potent cursed fire, it can reduce anything it touches to ashes and evaporate water. Cthugha Valkyrie Crusade can incinerate anything. Michael Supernatural smiting Anna Milton by incinerating her insides. Franky's One Piece Radical Beam!!! Caesar Clown's One Piece Blue Sword can incinerate his own lab into a sea of flames and ash with a mere swing.

Sabo's One Piece flames can incinerates his enemies. Categories :.Alkaline hydrolysis also called aquamation [1]biocremationresomation[2] [3] flameless cremationor water cremation [4] is a process for the disposal of human and pet remains using lye and heat.

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The process is being marketed as an alternative to the traditional options of burial or cremation. Instead, the body is effectively broken down into its chemical components, which takes approximately four to six hours.

The result is a quantity of green-brown tinted liquid containing amino acidspeptidessugars and salts and soft, porous white bone remains calcium phosphate easily crushed in the hand although a cremulator is more commonly used to form a white-colored dust.

The "ash" can then be returned to the next of kin of the deceased.

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The liquid is disposed of either through the sanitary sewer system, or through some other method, including use in a garden or green space. This alkaline hydrolysis process has been championed by a number of ecological campaigning groups, [7] for using 90 kW-hr of electricity, [8] one-quarter the energy of flame-based cremation and producing less carbon dioxide and pollutants. Alkaline hydrolysis has also been adopted by the pet and animal industry.

A handful of companies in North America offer the procedure as an alternative to pet cremation. The process was originally developed as a method to process animal carcasses into plant food, patented by Amos Herbert Hobson in In Christian countries and cultures, cremation has historically been discouraged, but now in many denominations it is accepted. The Roman Catholic Church permits ordinary cremation of bodies as long as it is not done in denial of the beliefs in the sacredness of the human body or the resurrection of the dead.

When alkaline hydrolysis was proposed in New York state the New York State Catholic Conference condemned the practice, stating that hydrolysis does not show sufficient respect for the teaching of the intrinsic dignity of the human body.

Alkaline hydrolysis as a method of final disposition of human remains is currently legal in eighteen states, [4] [20] [21] including Oregon, Missouri, Minnesota, Maryland, Maine, Kansas, Illinois, Florida, Colorado, Georgia, Wyoming, Idaho, Nevada, California, and Utah.

Incineration

Saskatchewan approved the process inbecoming the first province to do so. A public crematorium operated by Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council at Rowley Regiscentral England, was the first to receive planning permission to offer the process but in March the local water utility, Severn Trent Waterrefused the council's application for a "trade effluent permit" because there was no water industry standard regulating the disposal of liquified human remains into sewers.

Aquamation based in New South Wales is the only company to currently provide alkaline hydrolysis in Australia. With the remains being used as fertilizer on plantation forestsdue to difficulty with obtaining permits from Sydney Water. Since Grupo Gayosso offers alkaline hydrolysis in Baja California. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Alkaline hydrolysis death custom. The New Republic. Retrieved Retrieved 4 September Get Liquefied When You're Dead".

In Staudt, Christina; Ellens, J. Harold eds. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger. Physorg News. Los Angeles Daily News. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci. Bio Response Solutions. Historical Dictionary of Lutheranism. Scarecrow Press. Retrieved 22 April

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